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1965 Rather Dull and Cool. Poor Summer and Snowy November
In the year that Winston Churchill died, and Sir Stanley Matthews hung up his football boots at the age of 50, a speed limit of 70 mph was introduced on British roads. Edward Heath became leader of the Conservative opposition replacing Sir Alec Douglas-Home who resigned, and the Prime Minister, Harold Wilson, failed to prevent Ian Smith declaring unilateral independence in the white minority country Rhodesia (later Zimbabwe). President Lyndon Johnson sent 3,500 Marines to Vietnam in March, the first combat troops to arrive in the country. By the end of the year there 120,000 troops engaged in the Vietnamese War. In the music world, the charts were dominated by the Beatles and the Rolling Stones, but the longest chart topper in 1965 was the 5 weeks at number one enjoyed by Ken Dodd with 'Tears'.
Weather Notes:-
3rd March - The temperature fell to minus 21°C at Corwen (Clwyd), and on the following day there were 20 to 30cm of level snow in parts of central southern England, the Midlands and Wales with drifts of 60cm or more.
29th March - By way of contrast to earlier in the month, this day was exceptionally mild.  Temperature records were broken quite widely in England and Wales with 24°C. in London, Birmingham and Prestatyn (Denbighshire), and 25°C. at Wakefield (West Yorkshire) and in Whitby (North Yorkshire). At Whitby it was the warmest day of the year.  Very low relative humidity accompanied the high temperatures and afternoon values of 10-15% were recorded quite widely.
21st July - A tornado caused much damage to the RHS gardens at Wisley (Surrey). 

In London...
 Temperature10.0°C  Rainfall625.0 mm  Warmest 27.1°C
 Sunshine1476 hrs   Coldest -6.1°C

JanuarySunny with temperatures and rainfall close to average.
 Mean Temperature  4.6°C  
 Monthly Highest 12.3°C  Total Rain 50 mm
 Monthly Lowest -3.3°C Total Sun 66 hrs

The first week was fairly cold with sunshine and frosty nights, The highest temperature on both the 3rd and 4th was only around 3°C. It then became changeable,  mild and often windy. On the 13th, nearly 11mm of rain fell. It became somewhat colder after mid month, and on the 20th heavy wet snow occurred for a time as a deep depression moved east across northern France, East winds during the last week gave some snow, and a high of only 2°C. on the 28th.

February Very dry, dull and rather cold
 Mean Temperature  4.0°C  
 Monthly Highest 10.8°C  Total Rain  9 mm
 Monthly Lowest -3.6°C Total Sun 32 hrs

High pressure, mainly west of the British Isles persisted throughout the month. Winds were mainly between northwest and northeast, and weak frontal systems eroded the anticyclone at times producing extensive cloud cover and occasional light rain or drizzle. A few clear or sunny periods occurred, and on the night of the 2nd/3rd a minimum below minus 3°C. was followed by lingering mist and fog with a high of only 3°C. Similar maxima occurred on the 18th and 21st.

March Cold and sunny with above average rainfall.
 Mean Temperature  4.6°C  
 Monthly Highest 22.0°C  Total Rain  46 mm
 Monthly Lowest -5.9°C Total Sun 135 hrs

The early part of March was very cold and wintry. The temperature fell close to minus 6°C. on the morning of the 3rd, and later that day snow fell. Further snow fell on the 4th, and the temperature only reached 0°C. Around 8cm accumulated, but at the beginning of the second week it became milder and sunny but with frosty nights. After mid month the weather was changeable and often windy, but the end of March was fine, and the 28th and 29th were very mild.

April - Rather mild with below average sunshine and rainfall.
 Mean Temperature  9.4°C  
 Monthly Highest 18.6°C  Total Rain  36 mm
 Monthly Lowest  1.4°C Total Sun 134 hrs

The beginning of April was dry, sunny and mild. The temperature on the 3rd exceeded 18°C. Towards the end of the first week, the weather became rather changeable but it stayed mild. Although several Atlantic fronts crossed the country, pressure was relatively high and amounts of rain were mostly small. A cold and showery spell at the end of the third week was accompanied by maximum temperatures of only 9°C. between the 19th and 21st, and again on the 27th. 
 
May Rather dry with below average sunshine and above normal temperatures.
 Mean Temperature 13.1°C  
 Monthly Highest 27.1°C  Total Rain  35 mm
 Monthly Lowest  3.5°C Total Sun 190 hrs

The first week of May was very changeable and often windy.. Pressure rose during the second week and the weather became mostly dry, sunny and warm. On the 13th, the temperature reached 25°C. with 27°C. recorded on the following day. Atlantic fronts then crossed the country and it became generally rather cool and showery. After a brief warmer and drier interlude at the end of the third week, maximum temperature between the 28th and 31st were only 11°C. 
 
June - Rather dull with below average rainfall and near normal temperatures.
 Mean Temperature 15.5°C  
 Monthly Highest 24.0°C  Total Rain  41 mm
 Monthly Lowest  8.0°C Total Sun 181 hrs

There was a very cool and showery start to June with the temperature on the 1st only reaching 14°C. The remainder of the first week was warmer, and mainly dry with sunny periods. The 8th was a wet day with a maximum temperature of only 13°C., but the weather then became mostly dry and rather warm. On the 14th the temperature reached 24°C. After mid month it was generally changeable, and during the fourth week there was a rather cool and windy interlude.
  
JulyVery dull, cool and with rainfall close to average
 Mean Temperature 15.8°C  
 Monthly Highest 23.6°C  Total Rain  55 mm
 Monthly Lowest  7.0°C Total Sun 124 hrs

The first 10 days of July were rather cloudy and changeable, although amounts of rain were mostly small. Winds were from the northwest and it was cool. The maximum temperature on both the 4th and 5th was only 16°C.  Less cool southwest winds developed towards the end of the second week, but it stayed unsettled, and on the 12th over 12mm of rain fell. A brief drier interlude occurred around mid month, and the temperature on the 19th was close to 24°C.

August Slightly below average temperature; near normal rainfall and sunshine.
 Mean Temperature 16.6°C  
 Monthly Highest 25.8°C  Total Rain  59 mm
 Monthly Lowest  9.1°C Total Sun 188 hrs

After a fine day on the 1st, the 2nd was cool and wet. Nearly 16mm of rain fell and the temperature only reached 16°C. It then became fairly warm with plenty of dry weather. On the 12th, the temperature almost reached 26°C. Atlantic fronts brought some bands of mostly light rain, but at the end of the third week frontal systems became more active and temperature levels fell. On the last day of August a northerly wind blew and the maximum temperature was only 17°C.

September Very wet and cool with below average sunshine.
 Mean Temperature 13.3°C  
 Monthly Highest 19.8°C  Total Rain 107 mm
 Monthly Lowest  4.9°C Total Sun 131 hrs

There was a cool, windy and unsettled start to September, and on the 3rd more than 15mm of rain fell with a high of only 14°C.  A deepening depression crossed southern England on the 8th and gave another 15mm of rain, and on the 9th the temperature only reached 15°C. It was windy at times, but some quieter interludes were accompanied by a temperature near 20°C. on the 14th. and again in a longer fine spell on the 21st. The month ended cool and wet.

October - Very sunny, dry and warm.
 Mean Temperature 12.2°C  
 Monthly Highest 24.3°C  Total Rain  21 mm
 Monthly Lowest  1.4°C Total Sun 140 hrs

The first 2 days of October were changeable with temperatures near normal. It then became mostly dry, sunny and warm. From the 4th to the 6th the highest temperature was 20°C. or more, and on the 7th was above 24°C. It then became cooler and  cloudier. On the 15th, nearly 9mm of rain fell, the first measurable rain for nearly 2 weeks.  High pressure then brought plenty of dry and sunny weather, although the last few days of October were unsettled.

November Very sunny and rather cold with above average rainfall.
 Mean Temperature  6.0°C  
 Monthly Highest 14.7°C  Total Rain 72 mm
 Monthly Lowest -3.0°C Total Sun 97 hrs
 
After a temperature near 15°C. on the 1st, progressively colder northwest winds gave a high of only 8°C on the 3rd.  A short dry spell occurred, but at the end of the first week it became unsettled and milder. East winds during the second week became cold, and snow fell on the 16th with a high of only 2°C. A less cold interlude was followed by powdery snow on the 22nd with 2°C again. In a very unsettled end to the month, more than 13mm of rain fell on the 29th. 
  
December - Sunny, but wet, with above normal temperatures.
 Mean Temperature  5.8°C  
 Monthly Highest 13.0°C  Total Rain 94 mm
 Monthly Lowest -6.1°C Total Sun 58 hrs

Atlantic weather systems during the first half of December brought mostly mild, windy and changeable weather.  On the 5th, over 10m of rain fell, with a further 10mm falling on the 9th. On the 17th, 18th and 19th, moist southwesterly winds were accompanied by maximum temperatures around 13°C. It turned cold after Christmas, and the maximum temperature on both the 27th and 28th was only 1°C.  After a frosty night, it became milder again during the 29th.

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