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1985 Rather dry and cool, some cold and frosty spells.
In the year that Mikhail Gorbachev became leader of the Soviet Union, the Greenpeace ship, 'Rainbow Warrior' was allegedly sunk in Auckland (New Zealand) by French military intelligence officers, and in a bleak year for English football, a fire at Bradford City football ground claimed the lives of 56 supporters, and riots between Juventus and Liverpool fans in the Heysel Stadium, Belgium, resulted in the death of 13 people. The Live Aid concert for famine relief in Ethopia was the biggest music event of the year, and the British charts were dominated by Paul Hardcastle with '19' and Jennifer Rush with 'The Power of Love' who each spent 5 weeks occupying the number 1 spot.
Weather Notes:-
16th January - Maximum temperature minus 4°C at Worthing (West Sussex) and only minus 6°C at Brighton Race Course (East Sussex)  120m up on the South Downs.
7th June - Snow on high ground from northern England northwards, and maximum temperatures of only 10°C at Lowestoft (suffolk) and Morecambe (Lancashire).
1st October - Maximum temperature was 29.4°C at March (Cambridgeshire) and it was unusually warm across much of the country. Highs of 21°C. were reached at Glasgow and Belfast with 26°C. at Scarborough (North Yorkshire).

In London...
 Temperature 10.1°C  Rainfall585.0 mm  Warmest 29.8°C
 Sunshine1477 hrs   Coldest -8.0°C

January Very cold, rather dry with below average sunshine.
 Mean Temperature  1.2°C  
 Monthly Highest 11.7°C  Total Rain 41 mm
 Monthly Lowest -8.0°C Total Sun 47 hrs

Although only rather cold at first,  the first 3 weeks of January were mostly very cold. On 7 days the temperature failed to rise above freezing, and on both the 16th and 17th the maxima were only minus 4°C. Sleet or snow fell on 14 days, with snow lying from the 5th to the 20th, On the morning of the 6th, 8cm was measured. It became milder on the 21st, and although further cold weather occurred, the last 4 days of the month were mild.

February - Cold, rather dry and sunny
 Mean Temperature  3.2°C  
 Monthly Highest 14.0°C  Total Rain 30 mm
 Monthly Lowest -7.2°C Total Sun 78 hrs

The first 6 days were dry and  mild on both the 1st and 2nd the temperature rose above 13°C. On the 7th rain fell, turning to sleet at times, with further sleet on the 8th. Overnight on the 8th/9th there were moderate falls of snow amounting to 10cm by morning.  During the remainder of the month, less than 0.5mm of rain fell. Maximum temperatures were below freezing on 4 occasions from the 9th to the 15th, but there were some mild days during the last week.

March - Rather cold and dry with below average sunshine.
 Mean Temperature  5.4°C  
 Monthly Highest 16.0°C  Total Rain 34 mm
 Monthly Lowest -3.4°C Total Sun 105 hrs

After a changeable start to the month, pressure built,  and it became mostly dry, although often rather cloudy, with temperatures close to normal. On the 15th, showery rain turned to snow during the morning, and several cold and unsettled days followed. Sleet or snow fell on 5 days, and on the 21st the temperature failed to rise above 5°C.  Sharp frosts occurred, and although it then became less cold, the 26th was a miserable day with 11m of rain falling.

April - Dry and rather mild with above average sunshine
 Mean Temperature  9.7°C  
 Monthly Highest 18.6°C  Total Rain 33 mm
 Monthly Lowest -2.0°C Total Sun 157 hrs

The first 2 weeks of April were unsettled, but after 4 days of pleasantly warm weather at the beginning of the month, with highs of 17 or 18°C, it became cooler for a while. On the 11th it rained for much of the day with a high only just above 10°C. It was mainly dry from the 14th to the 26th, apart from 8mm of rain on the 20th, and between the 16th and 19th it was fairly warm with highs near 19°C. It was rather cool at times from the 20th, and sleet fell on the 27th.

May - Rather dull and wet with temperatures slightly below normal.
 Mean Temperature 12.3°C  
 Monthly Highest 21.4°C  Total Rain 65 mm
 Monthly Lowest  3.7°C Total Sun 164 hrs

No measurable rain fell during the first 11 days of May, but it was often rather cool and cloudy, and on both the 3rd and 11th the temperature remained below 10°C. On the 14th, nearly 35mm of rain fell, but from the 16th to 18th it was dry, sunny and warm with highs around 21°C. Over 10mm of rain fell on the 21st, and it stayed unsettled until the 28th, although southeasterly winds lifted the temperature to 21°C. on the 26th, The end of the month was dry and sunny.

June - Cool, wet and rather dull.
 Mean Temperature 14.2°C  
 Monthly Highest 25.0°C  Total Rain 89 mm
 Monthly Lowest  3.9°C Total Sun 167 hrs

The opening 3 days of June were warm and sunny with temperatures exceeding 23°C. Thunderstorms on the 4th and 5th were followed by cooler weather.  On the 6th, more than 15mm of rain fell, with the temperature on the 7th not rising above 12°C. On the following night the minimum was below 4°C. The rest of the month was cool and changeable with no maximum temperatures above 20°C from the 5th until the last day of the month.

July - Rather dry and sunny with temperatures slightly above normal.
 Mean Temperature 18.1°C  
 Monthly Highest 29.8°C  Total Rain 35 mm
 Monthly Lowest  8.2°C Total Sun 241 hrs

It was mostly dry, sunny and warm during the first 12 days of July apart from a brief interruption from squally thunderstorms on the afternoon of the 5th. The temperature rose above 21°C. on each day during the first 2 weeks, with highs above 27°C on the 4th,5th and 13th. It then became rather cool and unsettled, although a short-lived hot spell during the fourth week culminated in a maximum temperature near 30°C. on the 25th.

August - Cool with above average sunshine and near normal rainfall.
 Mean Temperature 16.1°C  
 Monthly Highest 26.0°C  Total Rain 59 mm
 Monthly Lowest  8.5°C Total Sun 187 hrs

The first 3 weeks were cool,  unsettled and often windy. There were no completely dry days until the 23rd, and on the 4th, nearly 16mm of rain fell with a maximum temperature of only 17°C. The temperature almost reached 21°C on the 1st, but the next time that value was reached was not until the 17th. Changeable weather continued until the 27th, but it then became sunny and warm with  highs around 26°C. on both the 29th and 30th.

September - Very dry and warm with sunshine totals close to average.
 Mean Temperature 16.0°C  
 Monthly Highest 26.9°C  Total Rain 11 mm
 Monthly Lowest  5.5°C Total Sun 143 hrs

It was changeable and cool at the start of the month, and the maximum temperature on both the 2nd and 4th was only around 16°C.  Over 4mm of rain fell on the 2nd, and a little rain fell on the 5th, but then no measurable rain fell during the rest of the month, except for 2mm on the night of the 21st/22nd.  During this dry period it was often warm with highs exceeding 26°C on the 11th,12th, and even during the last week maxima of 24°C. occurred.

October - Very dry, mild and fairly sunny.
 Mean Temperature 12.4 °C  
 Monthly Highest 27.0°C  Total Rain 18 mm
 Monthly Lowest  4.4°C Total Sun 119 hrs

The temperature reached 27°C. on the 1st, with highs of 21°C. on the 2nd and 3rd. The weather was changeable from the 3rd until the 8th, and on the 7th nearly 9mm of rain fell. After the 8th, pressure built and there was no measurable rain during the remainder of the month. There were several warm days during the second week with maxima close to 20°C. It stayed mostly mild, but sometimes damp, until the last week, and on the 31st the high was only 9°C.

November - Dull, cold and wet.
 Mean Temperature  4.7 °C  
 Monthly Highest 16.5°C  Total Rain 89 mm
 Monthly Lowest -5.7°C Total Sun 30 hrs

There were several mild days early in the month, although a sharp frost occurred on the night of the 2nd/3rd. On the 8th the temperature rose above 16°C, but after a high of 14°C. on the 9th, the following day was 7°C. colder. It then remained cold or very cold until the last few hours of the month. Rain occurred frequently, and although much of it was light, 11mm fell on the 16th, Snow fell on the 19th, with a high of only 2°C. and there were several frosty nights.

December - Very mild and wet with below average sunshine.
 Mean Temperature  7.5 °C  
 Monthly Highest 16.6°C  Total Rain 81 mm
 Monthly Lowest -6.6°C Total Sun 39 hrs

The first week was very mild and wet with highs above 15°C on both the 2nd and 3rd. Temperatures were average during  the second week, but it became very mild again on the 13th, and stayed very mild until Christmas. After the first week, rainfall was mostly light, but on the 26th over 26mm of rain fell, this turning to sleet in the evening. On the 28th the temperature barely rose above 0°C., and the only 3 frosts of the month occurred between the 28th and 30th. 

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