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1904 Rather Dry and Cool. A Chilly Autumn
In the year that the Japanese attacked Lushun (China) leading to war between Russia and Japan, the Trans-Siberian Railway was completed and the first line on the New York Subway opened.
Weather Notes:-
2nd September - The temperature reached 38°C.  in Phoenix, Arizona, the latest occasion in the year that such a high value has been recorded. 
23rd November - Heavy snowfall affected much of western and northern Britain with 10 to 15cm generally, and over 40cm on the Southern Uplands and Snowdonia.
25th/26th December - Smog affected much of East Anglia with disruption to Christmas transport. Visibility was below 20m in places.

In London...

 Temperature  9.9°C   Rainfall 538.2 mm   Warmest  30.2°C
 Sunshine 1488 hrs      Coldest  -4.4°C

January Very dull with above average rainfall and normal temperatures.
 Mean Temperature   4.2°C    
 Monthly Highest  12.7°C   Total Rain  60 mm
 Monthly Lowest  -3.4°C  Total Sun  27 hrs

The beginning of the New Year was cold and on the morning of the 1st a minimum temperature below minus 3°C. was recorded. However, it became milder during the first week, and there were no further cold spells during the month. On the 13th, the temperature rose close to 13°C., but in this largely unsettled month, a quiet day on the 24th produced a high of only 1.2°C. No snow fell during this January and rain was mainly light, although 13mm fell on the 31st.

February - Wet and rather dull with normal temperatures.
 Mean Temperature   4.4°C    
 Monthly Highest  11.7°C   Total Rain  57 mm
 Monthly Lowest  -1.7°C  Total Sun  55 hrs

Most of February was mild and unsettled, The rain was generally light but on the 9th over 10mm fell. After a mild night on the 21st with temperature not falling below 8°C., the maximum during the day was close to 12°C. Frost was a rarity during this month, but the last few days of February became much colder with frost and also some snow. On the 29th, the overnight low was around minus 2°C. and the high during the day stayed below freezing at minus 0.1°C.

March - Dull and cold with below average rainfall
 Mean Temperature   4.9°C    
 Monthly Highest  14.4°C   Total Rain  33 mm
 Monthly Lowest  -2.8°C  Total Sun  77 hrs

The beginning of the month was cold with a little sleet and snow, and on the 1st a maximum temperature of only 2.1°C. was recorded. It became milder by the second week, and on the 9th, the temperature rose above 14°C. Although it was frequently cloudy, there were some clear spells, and on the morning of the 18th, the last frost of the Spring occurred with a low near minus 3°C. In an unsettled end to the month, nearly 10mm of rain fell on the 29th.

April - Dry with temperatures and sunshine slightly above normal.
 Mean Temperature   9.5°C    
 Monthly Highest  19.2°C   Total Rain   24 mm
 Monthly Lowest   2.3°C  Total Sun  167 hrs

There was plenty of dry and fairly mild weather during the first fortnight of April, and on the 14th, the temperature rose above 19°C. On the 15th, over 4mm of rain fell, and this marked a change to cooler weather. In this frost-free month, the temperature fell close to 2°C. around dawn on the 18th, and on the 21st the high was only 9.8°C. However, there were several dry, mild and sunny days during the rest of the month, and on the 25th it was sunny all day. 

May - Dull and wet with below average temperatures.
 Mean Temperature  12.0°C    
 Monthly Highest  23.1°C   Total Rain   67 mm
 Monthly Lowest   2.2°C  Total Sun  147 hrs

There were several cool or very cool days early in the month, and after a high of only 9.2°C. on the 8th, there was a grass frost on the following night as the air temperature fell close to 2°C. The month was mostly changeable but some sunny days occurred after mid month and during the last week it became warm for a while. On the 26th, the temperature rose above 23°C., but 20mm of rain fell on the 27th and the end of the month became much cooler.  

June - Dry and cool with sunshine slightly below average.
 Mean Temperature  14.6°C    
 Monthly Highest  25.6°C   Total Rain   28 mm
 Monthly Lowest   6.9°C  Total Sun  204 hrs

The month began cool and wet with almost 13mm of rain falling on the 1st, and with a maximum temperature of only 14.4°C. on the 2nd. On the night of the 3rd/4th the temperature fell below 7°C., but the first week ended with plenty of sunshine. There were many dry days during the following 3 weeks but it was often rather cool and disappointingly cloudy. However, there was some sunshine at the end of June, and on the 30th the temperature was above 25°C.

July - Rather warm, dry and sunny.
 Mean Temperature  18.7°C    
 Monthly Highest  29.1°C   Total Rain   52 mm
 Monthly Lowest  10.5°C  Total Sun  264 hrs

The first few days of July were unsettled and fairly cool. On the 2nd, the maximum temperature was only 18.2°C.  A dry spell commenced on the 4th and it became warmer and eventually hot. On the 17th, it was sunny all day with the temperature rising above 29°C. The first rain for over a fortnight fell on the 18th, and although there were further days with sunshine, the weather became rather unsettled and somewhat cooler. On the 25th, nearly 15mm of rain fell.

August - Rather cool. dry and sunny.
 Mean Temperature  16.6°C    
 Monthly Highest  30.2°C   Total Rain   42 mm
 Monthly Lowest   6.6°C  Total Sun  238 hrs

The early part of the month was mostly sunny and very warm or hot. On the 4th, after an overnight low of 16.8°C., the temperature during the day rose above 30°C. Measurable rain only fell on 8 days during August, with most of these rainy days occurring during the rather cool last week. On the 24th, the maximum temperature was only 16.8°C., with a low under 7°C. on the following night. A rather wet end to the month gave 19mm of rain on the 31st. 

September - Cool, rather sunny and dry.
 Mean Temperature  12.9°C    
 Monthly Highest  22.2°C   Total Rain   43 mm
 Monthly Lowest   3.3°C  Total Sun  159 hrs

Nearly 8mm of rain fell on the 1st, but during the first week there were some fairly warm and bright days. On the 5th it was sunny all day with the temperature rising above 22°C. During the second week it became cooler, but amounts of rain were small and there were further spells of sunshine. There was little change after mid month, but although there was plenty of dry weather, temperatures became lower. On the 22nd, the maximum temperature was only 14.1°C.

October - Dull, rather cool and dry.
 Mean Temperature  10.4°C    
 Monthly Highest  18.8°C   Total Rain  41 mm
 Monthly Lowest   0.2°C  Total Sun  68 hrs

The weather during October was generally anticyclonic although weak weather fronts produced large amounts of cloud and occasional rain or drizzle. Clear nights were a rarity, although under clear skies a ground frost occurred on the night of the 14th/15th. On the 17th, over 7mm of rain fell and on the following day it was unseasonably mild with a maximum temperature near 19°C. No cold days occurred during October but the high on the 31st was only 9.5°C. 

November - Cold and rather dry with slightly below average sunshine.
 Mean Temperature   5.6°C    
 Monthly Highest  15.3°C   Total Rain  44 mm
 Monthly Lowest  -4.4°C  Total Sun  51 hrs

The first 3 weeks of November were rather changeable, although amounts of rain were mostly small. However, on the 7th, over 17mm of rain fell. It was generally mild, and on the 9th the temperature rose above 15°C. At the beginning of the fourth week it became much colder with some snow and frosty nights. On the 26th, after an overnight low under minus 4°C., the temperature during the day only rose to 0.3°C. At the end of the month it became less cold.

December - Dull and rather cold with below average rainfall.
 Mean Temperature   4.7°C    
 Monthly Highest  12.8°C   Total Rain  47 mm
 Monthly Lowest  -3.0°C  Total Sun  29 hrs

December was an unsettled month, and although skies were often cloudy, amounts of rain were generally small. However, on the 6th, nearly 23mm was recorded. Temperatures varied from near normal to mild, and on the 17th the temperature approached 13°C. In the week before Christmas it became colder with some snow, mist and fog. After a frosty night, the high on the 22nd was only minus 0.3°C., but in the last week it became milder.

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