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1916 Rather Cold, Dull and Wet. A Poor Summer.
In the year that a clock change to British Summer Time was first introduced, the Battle of Jutland took place, the only major sea battle of the Great War, and the Russian mystic Grigori Rasputin was murdered.
Weather Notes:-
12th and 13th June - Maximum temperatures of only 8°C. occurred at Buxton (Derbyshire).
17th August - Nearly 90mm of rain fell at Cheshunt (Hertfordshire).
11th October - Over 208mm of rain fell at Kinlochquoich on the side of Loch Quoich (Inverness)

In London...
 Temperature 9.9°C   Rainfall 758.7 mm   Warmest  27.8°C
 Sunshine 1298 hrs      Coldest  -4.5°C

January Very mild and dry with sunshine close to normal.
 Mean Temperature   7.7°C    
 Monthly Highest  13.4°C   Total Rain  31 mm
 Monthly Lowest  -2.6°C  Total Sun  45 hrs

After a mild night, with the temperature remaining above 10°C., the temperature on the 1st rose above 13°C. On the 2nd it was slightly cooler with nearly 9mm of rain falling, but south to southwesterly winds helped to keep the weather mild or very mild almost throughout the month. It was windy at times, but with pressure relatively high, rainfall amounts were generally small. In this snow-free month, the coldest day during January was the 14th with a high of 5.6°C.

February - Wet and rather sunny with temperatures slightly above normal.
 Mean Temperature   4.5°C    
 Monthly Highest  11.6°C   Total Rain  78 mm
 Monthly Lowest  -2.8°C  Total Sun  75 hrs

The first 3 weeks of February were very unsettled, and often windy and wet. It was mild or very mild and snow and frost free. On the 15th, the temperature rose close to 12°C., and on the following day there was some heavy rain which amounted to almost 12mm. During the fourth week the mild southwest winds were replaced by much colder northeasterlies. Occasional snow fell, and after a frosty night, the maximum temperature on the 25th was only 1.4°C. 

March - Very wet, dull and cold.
 Mean Temperature   4.4°C    
 Monthly Highest  13.5°C   Total Rain  100 mm
 Monthly Lowest  -2.0°C  Total Sun   59 hrs

March was a colder month than any of those during the preceding winter. Sleet or snow fell on 11 days, and although the snow was occasionally heavy, it failed to settle for any length of time. Extensive cloud cover prevented sharp frosts. but a few slight frosts occurred, mainly during a wintry spell before mid month. and again at the end of March. On the 10th, the maximum temperature was only 2.7°C. In a wet end to the month, over 17mm of rain fell on the 27th. 

April - Dry and fairly sunny with temperatures close to normal.
 Mean Temperature   9.1°C    
 Monthly Highest  22.9°C   Total Rain   26 mm
 Monthly Lowest   0.2°C  Total Sun  187 hrs

There were no air frosts during April, but on the morning of the 1st, the temperature was very close to freezing. The first week was generally rather cold or cold, and on the 6th, the maximum only reached 7.6°C. It slowly became warmer, and although changeable, amounts of rain were mostly small. However, on the 18th, over 5mm of rain fell. During the last week there were some sunny and pleasantly warm days, and on the 27th, the afternoon temperature was near 23°C.

May - Rather warm with below average rainfall and sunshine.
 Mean Temperature  13.0°C    
 Monthly Highest  25.5°C   Total Rain   42 mm
 Monthly Lowest   2.8°C  Total Sun  186 hrs

After a rather warm start to the month, it became fairly cool and unsettled during the first week. On the 2nd, over 15mm of rain fell, and on the 8th, the temperature failed to rise above 9.3°C. On the following night there was a slight ground frost. Temperatures rose after mid month, and at the end of the third week there was a short dry, sunny and warm spell. On the 20th, it was sunny all day and on the 21st the temperature rose above 25°C. It then became cooler.

June - Very cool, dull and rather wet.
 Mean Temperature  12.6°C    
 Monthly Highest  20.7°C   Total Rain   55 mm
 Monthly Lowest   5.2°C  Total Sun  142 hrs

Winds from a northerly direction blew through most of June bringing very cool and showery weather. Even on dry days, and there were several during the second and third weeks, cloud developed and spread out to leave cool and gloomy afternoons. On the 10th, over 9mm of rain fell, and on the 12th the maximum temperature was only 10.2°C. A rare day of sunshine failed to lift the temperature above 20°C. on the 17th, although that value was reached on the 25th.    

July - Cool, dull and dry.
 Mean Temperature  16.1°C    
 Monthly Highest  26.9°C   Total Rain   35 mm
 Monthly Lowest   8.0°C  Total Sun  160 hrs

The first 3 weeks of July were mostly cool or very cool and changeable. Amounts of rain were generally small, but on the 7th, nearly 13mm were measured. Little change occurred at the beginning of the fourth week, and on the afternoon of the 23rd the temperature only reached 15.0°C. During the last week there was an improvement in the weather. No measurable rain fell after the 22nd, and following a sunny day on the 29th, the high on the 30th was nearly 27°C. 

August - Wet and rather dull with above average temperatures.
 Mean Temperature  17.5°C    
 Monthly Highest  27.8°C   Total Rain   99 mm
 Monthly Lowest   7.3°C  Total Sun  162 hrs

The opening 2 weeks of the month were mostly warm or very warm with sunny periods, and on the 1st, the temperature rose close to 28°C. No measurable rain fell on the first 11 days of August but then it became more unsettled. After mid month, it turned cooler with showers, or longer spells of rain, heavy and thundery at times. On the 29th, heavy rain fell producing a total of nearly 23mm, and on the following day the afternoon temperature only reached 15.4°C. 

September - Dull and cool with below average rainfall.
 Mean Temperature  13.4°C    
 Monthly Highest  20.4°C   Total Rain   41 mm
 Monthly Lowest   2.9°C  Total Sun  101 hrs

There were no warm days during this month, although the temperature on the 1st rose close to 21°C. On the 2nd, nearly 10mm of rain fell, but it then became mostly dry, but often rather cool and cloudy. After mid month, it became very cool for a while, and chilly northerly winds were accompanied by a high of only 12.2°C. on the 20th. A ground frost occurred on the morning of the 22nd, but then it became less cool, and on the 26th the high was close to 21°C. again.  

October - Rather mild and wet with below average sunshine.
 Mean Temperature  11.7°C    
 Monthly Highest  18.9°C   Total Rain  93 mm
 Monthly Lowest  -1.0°C  Total Sun  91 hrs

Most of the first 2 weeks were changeable and very mild. It was often windy, but on the 4th and 5th, and again on the 13th, maximum temperatures were close to 19°C. The third week was very unsettled and a little less mild. There were sunny periods, but on the 17th, over 13mm of rain fell. At the end of the third week it became colder, and on the night of the 20th/21st the first frost of the Autumn occurred. During the day on the 21st, the temperature only reached 8.7°C. 

November - Wet, sunny and rather cold.
 Mean Temperature   6.6°C    
 Monthly Highest  14.2°C   Total Rain  99 mm
 Monthly Lowest  -3.1°C  Total Sun  70 hrs

The first half of November was changeable, but with lengthy spells of sunshine and it was often mild. On the 11th, it was very mild with a maximum temperature above 14°C. After mid month, it was colder  and remained unsettled although there were several dry days. On the 18th, the temperature failed to rise above 2.4°C., and on the 19th nearly 18mm of rain fell. The end of the month was rather cold with some frosty nights,  but there were further spells of sunshine. 
 
December - Very dull and cold with above average rainfall.
 Mean Temperature   2.7°C    
 Monthly Highest  12.4°C   Total Rain  57 mm
 Monthly Lowest  -4.5°C  Total Sun  20 hrs

The first week of December was unsettled, but with temperatures not far from normal. During the second week it became cold or very cold, and a week of mostly overcast skies followed with some snow, although amounts were small. After a sharp frost on the morning of the 17th, it became milder again and quite wet. On the 19th, nearly 18mm of rain was measured. The 27th was very cold with a high of only minus 1.8°C. but it was followed by a mild end to the year.   

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