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1923 Cold and Rather Dull. Especially Dull Spring.
In the year that the Irish Civil War ended, the 29th President of the United States, Warren Harding, died whilst in Office, and the Japanese cities of Tokyo and Yokahama were flattened by an eathquake that killed nearly 150,000 people. Wembley Stadium hosted it's first FA Cup Final . Bolton beat West Ham 2-0 in a match estimated to have been watched by more than 200,000 people.
Weather Notes:-
9th to 11th July - Severe thunderstorms, especially in Southeast England and the London area. Rainfall of 50mm was recorded in parts of London and 82mm at Seaford (East Sussex).
12th July - Hailstones weighing nearly 1kg reportedly killed 23 people in Rostov (Russia). 
23rd September - Snow fell in Munich, the earliest known autumn fall.
25th December - Heavy snow fell in Scotland with 20cm reported from Glasgow and drifts of nearly 1m in the Grampians.


In London...
 Temperature  9.9°C   Rainfall 638.3 mm   Warmest  32.3°C
 Sunshine 1427 hrs      Coldest  -5.2°C

January Dry and rather mild with sunshine slightly above normal.
 Mean Temperature   5.2°C    
 Monthly Highest  12.3°C   Total Rain  33 mm
 Monthly Lowest  -3.6°C  Total Sun  48 hrs

The early part  of January was changeable and rather mild. On the 7th, nearly 8mm of rain fell.  Around the middle of the month there was plenty of dry, but rather cold, weather. On the 17th, after an overnight minimum below minus 3°C., the temperature during the day failed to rise above 1.2°C. There was a little sleet and snow, but towards the end of the month mild and changeable weather returned. The maximum temperature on the 30th was above 12°C. 
 
February - Mild, dull and wet. 
 Mean Temperature   6.4°C    
 Monthly Highest  12.8°C   Total Rain  71 mm
 Monthly Lowest  -2.8°C  Total Sun  51 hrs

Changeable and windy weather prevailed through most of the month and there were only 5 days without measurable rain. Large variations in the day-to-day weather occurred early in the month, and after an overnight minimum near 11°C., the temperature on the 2nd almost reached 13°C. A sunny day on the 4th was followed by a frosty night, and on the 8th nearly 14mm of rain fell. The coldest weather occurred after mid month, and the high on the 20th was only 2.6°C. 
 
March - Very dull and rather wet with above average temperatures.
 Mean Temperature   7.2°C    
 Monthly Highest  19.9°C   Total Rain  53 mm
 Monthly Lowest  -0.8°C  Total Sun  73 hrs

There was extensive cloud cover during the first 3 weeks of March, and it was mostly unsettled and mild but with rainfall generally light. Around mid month there was some heavy rain and it was colder for a while. On the 13th nearly 20mm was recorded, and on the 15th the maximum temperature was only 5.3°C. During the last week of March there was more in the way of sunshine and it became warmer. The maximum temperature on the 27th was close to 20°C.

April - Dull with below average temperatures and rainfall. 
 Mean Temperature   8.8°C    
 Monthly Highest  17.9°C   Total Rain   40 mm
 Monthly Lowest  -0.1°C  Total Sun  119 hrs

There were some chilly days early in the month and on the 9th the highest temperature was 5.5°C., and on the following night, the only frost of the month occurred. Late in the second week it became much warmer, and the afternoon temperature on the 12th almost reached 18°C. The third week was cooler with plenty of dry, but rather cloudy, weaher. The last week of April became more changeable, and after a sunny day on the 24th, nearly 8mm of rain fell on the 26th.

May - Cool and rather dull with above average rainfall. 
 Mean Temperature  10.9°C    
 Monthly Highest  25.5°C   Total Rain   52 mm
 Monthly Lowest   1.7°C  Total Sun  165 hrs

The first week of the month was mostly sunny and warm. After a sunny day on the 4th, the afternoon temperature on the 5th rose above 25°C. It then became much cooler with winds predominantly from a north or northwesterly direction. It was often rather cloudy, and there were showers, some of which were heavy.  During the second week, these were wintry at times, and the maximum  temperature on the 12th was only 9.6°C. On the 23rd, over 12mm of rain fell. 

June - Very cool, dull and dry. 
 Mean Temperature  13.2°C    
 Monthly Highest  24.1°C   Total Rain   6 mm
 Monthly Lowest   3.0°C  Total Sun  118 hrs

Pressure was fairly high during June, but winds were persistently from between northwest and northeast bringing many cloudy and cool days, especially during the first 3 weeks. Grass frost occurred early on the 3rd, and the maximum temperature on the 4th was only 11.0°C. Rain fell on 7 days during June, but it was light, with the wettest day, the 15th, having under 3mm. The weather improved during the last week, and on the 29th the temperature exceeded 24°C.

JulyWarm, rather wet and sunny. 
 Mean Temperature  19.3°C    
 Monthly Highest  32.3°C   Total Rain   83 mm
 Monthly Lowest   9.3°C  Total Sun  232 hrs

There was a cool start to July and rhe maximum temperature on both the 1st and 3rd was only 18.5°C. The rest of the month was much warmer, and the second week was hot and humid . There were vivid displays of lightning during thunderstorms on the night of the 9th/10th, and on the following night storms gave nearly 30mm of rain. The temperature exceeded 32°C. on the 12th, and after an overnight low of 20.0°C., the following day was only very slightly cooler.
  
August - Sunny and rather dry with temperatures slightly below average.
 Mean Temperature  16.7°C    
 Monthly Highest  29.4°C   Total Rain   40 mm
 Monthly Lowest   5.9°C  Total Sun  247 hrs

The first half of August was mostly dry, warm and sunny. There were several  hot and humid days during the second week, and the maximum temperature on the 9th was in excess of 29°C. Although there were further dry, bright and fairly warm days after mid month it was generally cloudier and much cooler. The end of the month was more changeable. The 29th was a poor late summer day with over 9mm of rain recorded and a maximum temperature of only 15.6°C.

September - Rather cool, dry and sunny. 
 Mean Temperature  13.5°C    
 Monthly Highest  22.9°C   Total Rain   35 mm
 Monthly Lowest   5.1°C  Total Sun  173 hrs

There were some chilly nights in this month, and even as early as the morning of the 9th the temperature fell to 5.1°C. Plenty of dry and sunny weather occurred through September, although weak fronts produced occasional light rain. Daytime temperatures were not far from average, but on the 20th the maximum was only 14.2°C. On the following day, nearly 6mm of rain fell, but on the last day of the month the temperature almost reached 23°C.

October - Very wet with slightly below average temperatures and sunshine
 Mean Temperature  10.6°C    
 Monthly Highest  18.1°C   Total Rain  135 mm
 Monthly Lowest   0.6°C  Total Sun   93 hrs

A wet start to October produced 50mm of rain  during the first week, including nearly 24mm on the 3rd. It was cold at times, and on the 5th the maximum temperature was only 10.1°C.  The second week became much milder, and the temperature on the 9th exceeded 18°C. Measurable rain fell on all but 7 days during October, but following a grass frost early on the 15th,  the day remained dry and sunny. Unsettled weather then returned for the rest of the month.
 
November -  Very cold, sunny and dry. 
 Mean Temperature   3.7°C    
 Monthly Highest  14.3°C   Total Rain  37 mm
 Monthly Lowest  -5.2°C  Total Sun  73 hrs

There was a mild and damp beginning to November. The temperature on the 3rd exceeded 14°C., but this was soon followed by much colder weather,  with snow falling as early as the 8th after an overnight minimum below minus 5°C. The snow turned to rain giving a total of 7mm, and although it became milde and changeable for a while, there was a return of low temperatures during the last week. The maximum value on the 26th was only minus 0.9°C.

December - Cold and rather dull with near normal rainfall.
 Mean Temperature   3.9°C    
 Monthly Highest  10.4°C   Total Rain  52 mm
 Monthly Lowest  -3.7°C  Total Sun  35 hrs

In this unsettled month there was some sleet, snow and several frosty nights,  but there was no prolonged  spell of cold weather. The coldest day was the 21st with a maximum temperature of 2.1°C., but on the following day it became considerably milder with a maximum temperature above 10°C.  The last 10 days of December were changeable, although the 23rd was a sunny day. Rainfall was generally light but on Christmas Day over 10mm was measured.

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